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اسانس زيره | تركيبات شيميايي زيره,خواص داروئي زيره | PaperPdf.ir
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گیاه شناسی :: مقاله اسانس زيره PDF
QR code - اسانس زيره

اسانس زيره

زيره سبز Cumin Seed

زيره گياهي است يكساله كوچك و علفي كه ارتفاع آن 60 سانتيمتر است ريشه آن دراز و باريك برنگ سفيد ، ساقه آن راست و برگهايش به شكل نوار باريك و نخي شكل و برنگ سبز مي باشد .
گلهاي زيره سفيد يا صورتي بصورت چتري در انتهاي ساقه ظاهر مي شود . اين گياه بطور وحشي در مناطق مديترانه مي رويد . زيره برنگهاي زرد تيره ، سبز و خاكستري وجود دارد .
تركيبات شيميايي:
زيره داراي تانن ، روغن رزين و اسانس است .
اسانس زيره را از تقطير ميوه له شده تحت اثر بخار آب بدست مي آورند . اين اسانس مايعي است بيرنگ كه در اثر ماندن ابتدا برنگ زرد و سپس قهو ه اي رنگ مي شود .
بوي زيره مربوط به آلدئيدي بنام كومينول است . مقدار كومينول در زيره بسته به محل كشت آن بين 30 تا 50 درصد است .
خواص داروئي:
1) قابض و خشك كننده است
2) ضد تشنج است
3) براي برطرف كردن بيماري صرع مفيد است
4) در دفع گاز معده موثر است
5) قاعده آور است
6) عرق آور است
7) براي رفع برونشيت از دم كرده زيره استفاده كنيد
8) براي برطرف كردن سوءهاضمه مفيد است
9) ترشحات زنانگي را برطرف مي كند
10) براي تحريك اشتها زيره سبزه را با سركه و آب مخلوط كرده و قبل از غذا بخوريد
11) براي برطرف كردن قطره قطره ادرار كردن زيره را تفت داده و سرخ كنيد سپس با آب بخوريد .
12) براي رفع نفخ روده و معده مي توانيد دم كرده زيره را تنقيه كنيد
13) براي التيام زخم چشم ، دانه هاي له شده زيره سبز را در آب برنج خام خيس كرده و سپس مايع بدست آمده را قطره قطره روي زخم چشم بريزيد.
14) هنگاميكه اطفال شير خوار دل درد دارند و نفخ در شكم شان پيچيده چند قطره اسانس زيره را با روغن بادام مخلوط كرده و با آن شكم آنها را ماساژ دهيد .
15) و بالاخره زيره را در غذاهايي كه نفاخ هستند مخصوصا حبوبات استفاده كنيد .
طرز استفاده:
دم كرده زيره :
مقدار 5 گرم زيره را در يك ليتر آب جوش ريخته و بمدت 10 دقيقه دم كنيد .
مخلوط با عسل :
گرد زيره را به مقدار يك گرم عسل مخلوط كرده و استفاده كنيد .
اسانس زيره :
اين اسانس را مي توانيد از فروشگاههاي گياهان دارويي و يا برخي از داروخانه ها خريداري كنيد . مقدار مصرف آن 2 قطره در يك ليوان آب نيم گرم مي باشد.
مضرات :
مضرات خاصي براي آن بيان نشده است .


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● مقدمه زيره سبز با نام علمي L. Cuminum cyminum گياهي است از خانواده apiaceae ، يکساله ، معطر ، بدون کرک (جز ميوه) ساقه علفي با انشعابات دو تايي و گاه ...


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مقدمه زيره سبز با نام علمي L. Cuminum cyminum گياهي است از خانواده apiaceae، يکساله، معطر، بدون کرک (جز ميوه) ساقه علفي با انشعابات دو تايي و گاهي سه ...


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● مقدمه زيره سبز با نام علمي L. Cuminum cyminum گياهي است از خانواده apiaceae ، يکساله ، معطر ، بدون کرک (جز ميوه) ساقه علفي با انشعابات دو تايي و گاه ...


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مقدمه زيره سبز با نام علميL. Cuminum cyminum گياهي است از خانواده apiaceae ، يکساله ، معطر ، بدون کرک (جز ميوه) ساقه علفي با انشعابات دو تايي و گاهي س ...


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زوفا يکي از مهمترين گياهان دارويي و ادويه اي به شمار مي رود . از دم کرده پيکر رويشي اين گياه براي درمان بيماريهاي مربوط به دستگاه تنفس مانند سرفه ، سي ...


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نعناع گياهي است علفي و چند ساله که علاوه بر ساقه زير زميني که گياه را در خاک مستقر مي‌سازد داراي ساقه هوايي نيز هست. در محل گره‌هاي ساقه که در تماس با ...


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آلوئه ورا گياهي رو که مشاهده مي کنيد آلوئه ورا يا صبر زرد نام دارد که علاوه بر اينکه خاصيت داروئي زيادي دارد.از ماده ژلاتيني که درون برگ اين گياه وجود ...


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گياه صبر زرد با نام علمي (آلوئه ورا) Aloevera از جمله با ارزش ترين گياهان نادر دنياست. که صدها سال پيش از ميلاد مورد توجه و استفاده بشر بوده است. از د ...


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دانلود نسخه PDF - اسانس زيره
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